Published on August 2, 2016

Get to Know These 6 Wine Types to Drink Better

Enjoying wine with dinner, with friends, or even with your favorite book is a time-honored tradition that never gets old. But with thousands of wines in the world to choose from, how do you make sense of them? Find out what makes different wines unique and how best to enjoy the six most popular wine types in the world.

wine types

Here's an easy way to understand any wine list: learn the most popular, key varieties. Since a handful of grapes are universal (and planted in most wine-producing countries), their basic characteristics remain the same, no matter where or how the wine is made. Understanding the top six wine types you're bound to encounter, which includes three reds and three whites, will make any wine list instantly manageable. Check them out below.

Top 6 Wine Types

Red Wines

  • Berries, cherries and plums are common fruit aromas and flavors  
  • Tannins, chemical components from skins, seeds, stems and oak barrels give red wines structure and complexity
  • Best served slightly below room temperature (65°F)

wine types Photo provided by Dudley Market in Los Angeles.

Here are 3 of the most popular types of red wine:

Cabernet Sauvignon
Widely known as a “cab,” this wine is a powerhouse, known for its full body, big tannins and notes of cherry, cedar and tobacco. Pair it with grilled steak or lamb.
Fun fact:  Cab is the most widely planted wine grape in the world.

LA - Herb Alpert's Vibrato Grill & Jazz - American - Steak + Wine Photo provided by Herb Albert’s Vibrato Grill & Jazz in Los Angeles.

Less tannic than a cab, merlot has a plush, velvety mouthfeel and berry fruit flavors. This is a great match with BBQ or hearty stews.
Fun fact: Merlot sales suffered for years after Paul Giamatti ridiculed it in the movie Sideways.

Pinot Noir
Pinot noir’s thin skin accounts for its light color and body. Fans of this elegant red value its complexity: berry, floral and earthy qualities all in one glass. Don’t hesitate to pair this versatile red with fish!
Fun Fact: “Pinot” comes from the French word for “pine cone.” The grape was given its name due to the grape cluster’s cone shape.

White Wines

  • Apple, pear, peaches and other tree fruits, along with citrus, are common characteristics
  • White wines will never have tannins
  • Best served chilled, around 45-50°F

wine types

Below are 3 of the most well-known white wine varieties:

A chameleon, chardonnays come in a variety of styles. Aged in oak, a chardonnay takes on a buttered, movie-popcorn quality. Unoaked, its orchard and citrus fruit notes get to shine. Lobster, poultry and butter sauces are perfect mates with this medium-bodied white.
Fun fact: Chardonnay is the most popular wine in the U.S.

Often mistakenly assumed to always be “sweet,” riesling runs the gamut from bone-dry to dessert-worthy. Luscious apricot and tree fruit aromas balance the minerality in these high-acid wines, delectable with curries and similarly spicy dishes.
Fun fact: Riesling’s signature slim bottle was invented for easy transportation down the Rhine River.

Sauvignon Blanc
Sauvignon Blanc lovers revere it for its tart citrus, bell pepper and herbaceous qualities. Shellfish and pork pair especially well with this fresh and lively wine.
Fun fact: Some describe Sauv Blanc as having a “cat pee” aroma (in a good way!)

Bonus wine:
Although not a grape variety, Champagne and bubblies are not just for special occasions. The best show aromas of pear and apple, along with toasty and nutty notes. The dream pairing? Fried food!
Fun fact: To be labeled “Champagne,” the wine must not only come from the Champagne region of France, it has to meet strict production regulations.

wine types Photo provided by Birds & Bubbles in NYC.

Contributed by Shana Sokol

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